Foshan Ctiy governs Chancheng District, Shunde District, Nanhai District, Sanshui District and Gaoming District. The total area is 3848.49 square kilometers.
Total population of the whole city is 5.79 million, including city proper population of 3.55 million.
Foshan has a subtropical monsoon climate. The city enjoys adequate sunshine and rainfall. The annual average temperature is 21.2-22.2 degrees Celsius. The temperature in January and February is the lowest. From April to September it gets relatively hotter and more rainfall. The annual average precipitation is 1,600 to 2,000 millimeters.
There are Agricultural Model Districts (AMD) around the prefecture, such as Shunde Chencun AMD, and AMDs in Daili Town, Shatou Town and Locun Town in Nanhai, with a total area of about 9.4 km².
The AMDs aims at providing an all-round environment for modern agriculture. Agricultural process is upgraded through technology, and sale service is incorporated with a new style tourism, that attracts target clients. The modern integrated practice mode resulted in the reputation of the largest base for wholesale, food production, storage and logistics of agricultural products in Guangdong Province.
Following Shenzhen and Guangzhou, Foshan is the third largest manufacturing base in the Pearl River Delta. Once home to a strong State-Owned Enterprises sector, its current economic strength lies in privates firms and Township and Village Enterprises in Shunde and Nanhai. In 2002, private firms contributed 56.12% of the industrial output and firms from Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan contributed 63.44% in exports.
Key industries in Foshan include:
Household electrical appliance and tool manufacturing
Non-metal ore and manufacturing
Electronics and communications
Stainless steel products
Foshan is a famous homeland of overseas Chinese, with more than 1.3 million living overseas, including more than 0.6 million living in Hong Kong and Macao. Foshan is an old town dated back to many centuries. It was famous for its porcelain industry. Now it has been made the 'third largest city in Guangdong'. The city is relatively affluent when compared to other Chinese cities, and it is home to many large private enterprises. Foshan has recently has seen a transformation brought by China's booming economy. However the air quality in Foshan is atrocious as a result of years of unregulated industrial development.