Gansu has a dry climate with plenty of sunshine, strong radiation and the temperature varies greatly from day to night. The annual average temperature is between 0 to 14 degrees Celsius dropping from the southeast to the northwest. It is 4 to 9 degrees Celsius in Hexi Corridor, 0 to 6 degrees in Qilian mountainous area, 5 to 9 degrees Celsius and 7 to 10 degrees Celsius in Longzhong and Longdong respectively. Its annual rainfall is about 300millimeters and differs greatly in different parts.
Gansu has been a multi-ethnic province since ancient times. 54 nationalities have inhabited here. Among its total population of 26.0334 million, the minority population takes up 2.199 million. Hui nationality is the largest in all the minority nationalities with a population of 1.185 million. Ten ethnic groups of Hui. Tibet, Dongxiang, Tu, Yugu, Baoan, Mongolia, Sala, Hazak and Manchu have inhabited in Gansu for generations. Yugu, Dongxiang and Baoan are unique nationalities.
Its industrial structure has become rational day-by-day and the economic benefits have been raised continuously
Gansu is one of the birthplaces of the Chinese nation and ancient Chinese civilization. In history, the world famous Silk Road traverses the whole province, thus made the province the earliest place opening to the outside world for economic and cultural exchanges between the east and the west as well as exchanges between different nationalities.
Gansu has a developed tourist industry. The world-famous ancient Silk Road once passed through the province and left a great number of historic relics. The national major scenic areas include Mt.Maiji, Mt.Kongdong, Mingsha Hill-Yueya (crescent) Spring, and Jiayuguan Pass, etc. Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang were listed in the World Heritages in 1987 by UNESCO. Other Historic sites, such as Binglingsi Grottoes, Yulin Grottoes, Shuiliandong Grottoes, Labrang Temple. Haizang Temple etc, are all well-known to tourists.
Bailan melon, Chinese angelica, black melon-seeds and lily,etc, are all famous local products. The traditional handicraft articles, such as jade carving, are well-received by the vistiors.