It has a population of 4.79 million.
The region of Guilin takes on a Karst feature. Geological studies show that the original Guilin was a vast expanse of sea until 300 million years ago, the crustal movement made the limestone deposit in the deep sea rise and gradually formed to land. Being effloresced and eroded, it finally became the mountains with different shapes, the grottoes with beautiful views and the aboveground rivers with mysterious stories. These mountains with strangely shaped peaks and caves of unique formation, together with the crystal-clear Lijiang River that surrounds the city, characterize Guilin's scenery and have brought it world fame. The main mineral deposits of Guilin are iron, aluminum, zinc, barite, talcum, and limestone.
Guilin has a subtropical monsoon climate with an annual temperature of 19 degrees Celsius, and 310 frost-free days. Annual rainfall averages 1,926 millimeters.
The population from 28 ethic nationalities such as the Zhuang, Miao, Yao, and Dong accounts for 8.5% of the total population in Guilin. The marvelous landscape makes the folk customs more delicate and fresh, in turn the unique customs enhances the beauty and vitality of the landscape.
traditional landscape painting, osmanthus tea.
Guilin has a splendid civilization. The prehistory civilization is represented by the Zhenpi Rock, the water conservancy civilization by the Ling Canal built in the Qin Dynasty (221-206BC), the Ming Fanwang civilization by the Jingjiang Tombs and Mansions, the landscape civilization by the Cliffside stone carvings and the landscape poems. Now 109 cultural relics sites are under the national, provincial and city level special protection. Poems, verses and Buddhist carvings can be found all over the caves and holes of the mountains, among which the most famous ones are the Stele Forest of Guilin and the Cliffside Stone Carvings on the Western Hill.
The local delicacy is Guilin Rice Noodles (Gui Lin Mi Fen), also available as stir-fried (Chao Fen). This is served everywhere, but try to avoid the joints near the train station. Traditionally the noodle and the topping is first eaten without soup, and once the topping has run out there is usually a pot of soup to add flavour to the rest of your noodles. There are also various pickles and condiments that you can add to your noodles.
A local snack is "Horse hoof cake" (Ma Ti Gao), which is a crumbly cake stuffed with red beans filling. Another delicious breakfast item is sweet tofu infused with a certain flower. Look for roadside vendors adding orange-coloured liquid to a steaming hot bag of tofu, which you then drink with a straw.
What makes it special is its proximity to many picturesque limestone mountains and formations.
Most travellers to this area will take a river trip down the Li River on tourboats. These boats are frequent and easily organised by any hotel in Guilin. A boat ride around the main attractions is now available at night (approx Y200). Everything is lit up by neon lights, and the boat traverses the waterways joining the main attractions. It's a bit eerie to see limestone lit up in bright blue and green, but this is quite popular with Chinese tourists.
The special locally-made products include Sanhua liquor, crisp candy, and rice-flour noodles.