At the end of the year2005, the total population stood at 38.20 million.
The province's topography is higher in the northwest, north and the southeast, and lower in the northeast and southwest. In its northwestern part, there is the Greater Hinggan Mountains, and in the north, the Lesser Hinggan Mountains. In the southeastern part, there are the ridges of Zhangguangcai, Laoye and Taiping, in addition to the Wanda Mountain.
Heilongjiang has a cold-temperate continental climate and a mean annual temperature of 3 to -2 degrees Celsius -- the lowest temperature can reach -52.3 degrees Celsius, and a mean annual precipitation of 300-700 mm. It has warm, rainy summers with long hours of sunshine, and freezingly cold and long winters.
Ice sculpture, Longjiang Opera, etc.
Heilongjiang dishes features venison, such as roasted dog meat, fork cooked wild pig meat, braised deer-tail, and Flying Dragon soup. The province is one of the important bases of grain production and ginseng, pilose antle ble, etc, are the famous special local products.
With expanse of flatland and wide areas of fertile black soil, it is one of China's major commodity grain growers. Named after its largest river, its land area includes the country's largest oil reserve.
The main industries comprise machine building, coal, petroleum and timber processing, in addition to papermaking, beet-sugar refinery, petrochemicals, flax-textiles, power-generating equipment, industrial boilers, etc. Harbin, Qiqihaer, Jiamusi and Mudanjiang are its major industrial centers. Daqing is one of China's most important bases of petroleum industry.
Heilongjiang Province is blessed with a variety of unique tourist attractions, including the Wudalian Pond, an internationally known natural volcanic park; the Jingbo Lake, China's largest alpine dammed lake; the vast Xingkai Lake stretching over China and Russia; the Manchurian Crane Sanctuary, well known inside and outside of China; a beautiful, scenic forest under a volcanic crater; and the Polar Village, where the mysterious aurora borealis can be observed. Harbin's annual Snow Festival adds charm to the beautiful northern landscape with the perfect harmony of its natural ice and snow scenery and the exquisite man-made ice sculptures.