1,092 sq km (420 sq mi)
Buddhist, Confucian and Taoist, with Christian and Muslim minorities, but there are also places of worship for most other religious groups.
Chinese and English are the official languages with Cantonese most widely spoken. English is spoken by many, particularly in business circles.
Motto - "A Future of Excellence and Prosperity for All"
Flower - The Hong Kong orchid, Bauhinia blakeana.
Time Zone - Eight hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT plus eight hours)
Ethnic Composition - Chinese, 98%; non-Chinese Asian (mostly Japanese, Indian, Pakistani, Singaporean), 1%; non-Asian (mostly from UK, Canada, Australia, US, New Zealand), 1%
Elevation - Victoria Peak on Hong Kong Island rises to 550 m (1,810 ft); Tai Mo Shan on Lantau Island reaches 957 m (3,140 ft)
Latitude and Longitude - 22.15 degrees North, 114.10 degrees East
Coastline - 733 km (458 miles)
Climate - Subtropical, with monsoons between May and August; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall.
Annual Mean Temperature - 22.2 degrees Celsius; 15 degree Celsius in February; 27.8 degrees Celsius in July
Seasonal Average Precipitation - 2,220 mm (88 in)
Government - Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China, with a chief executive appointed by Beijing and a legislature combining elected and appointed officials
Weights and Measures - Metric
Hong Kong dollar (HK$), with an exchange rate of HK$7.75 to US$1 (August 2009).
Hong Kong also boasts the world's eighth-largest trading economy, and is one of the world's leading exporters of toys, garments, and watches.
The main scenic spots include the History Museum, Botanical Garden, Ocean Park and Taiping Hill (Victoria Peak), etc. Besides, Tai O, a town on Lantau Island reputed as the Venice of Hong Kong is also worth visiting. It abounds in temples, Tin Hau Temple is one of the most famous ones.