Hunan in the sub-tropical area has a warm climate, with cold, short winters and hot, long summers. It has four clearly contrasted seasons, abundant rainfall, and a mean annual precipitation of 1,300-1,700 mm. Its mean annual temperature is 16 to 18.5 degrees Celsius -- the hottest month, July, averaging 26 to 30 degrees Celsius and the coldest month, January, 4 to 7 degrees Celsius.
Xiang Cuisine (Hunan Cuisine) is one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China. Famous dishes include Dong'an Chicken, Peppery and Hot Chicken (Hot and Spicy Chicken), Orange Beef, Sweet and Sour Chicken, and Crispy Duck, etc.
Xiang Opera, Huagu (Flower Drum), Shadow Plays, and Flower Lamp, etc.
Hunan cuisine is noted for its use of chili peppers.
N¨¹ shu is a writing system that was used exclusively among women in Jiangyong County.
Hunan Huagu Opera is the general name for minor local opera genres in Hunan Province, such as Changsha Huaguxi, Hengyang Huaguxi and Shaoyang Huaguxi which adopted the names of the regions where they are prevalent. Each opera has its own distinctive style.
Zhangjaijie National Forest Park was established in a particular scenic area in northwest Hunan.
The high and steep Mt. Hengshan is frequently snow-capped in the winter, contrasting with the subtropical fields that one sees below it.
The region along the Yuanjiang River is especially well known for its serene beauty. It takes its name, the Peach Blossom Fountainhead, from a work of Chinese literature from the Jin Dynasty (265-420).
Historic Changsha, one of China's famous cultural centers, is the capital of Hunan Province. It is also a tourism center, offering its visitors many historical sites and other places of interest.
The traditional local specialties include Changsha Xiang Embroidery, Liuyang Fireworks and Firecrackers, Yueyang Fan, Changsha Xiang Lotus, and Yueyang Whitebait (salangid), etc.
Hunan embroidery originates from the folk embroidery of Hunan. It forms its unique art style by the hardwork of the artisan in the past ages in long period of time. It is one of the four famous Chinese embroideries, and the other three are Jiangsu embroidery, Guangdong embroidery and Sichuan embroidery.
Compared with the other embroideries, the art style of Hunan embroidery is unique, and the characteristic of it is distinct. The skill of Hunan embroidery is high, and the technique of expression is vivid. In recent years, Hunan embroidery seeks the integration of the skills and the plot on the basis of inheriting the traditional skills. A new embroidery skill of two sides with totally different embroidery has been developed. It is called "super embroidery" because of its high art value and the difficult skill. Yangyuhuan is the representative of embroidery which is of two sides with different pictures based on the meaning of the poem, Changhengge of Baijuyi.