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Southern Yue Tomb Museum

It is the tomb of the second ruler of Southern Yue kingdom called Zhao Mo during Han Dynasty dating back to 100 B.C. The tomb was originally 20m under Elephant Hill and was discovered in 1983. More than 1000 burial objects were excavated, among which are a chariot, gold and silver vessels, musical instruments, and sacrificial human remains. It is an excellent museum with English explanations. As one of the 80 famous museums in the world, the museum covers 14,000 square meters (150, 699.6 square feet) with 10 exhibition halls.

The tomb contained the skeletons of the king and 15 courtiers - guards, cooks, concubines, and a musician - who were buried alive to attend him in death. Also buried were several thousand funerary objects, clearly designed to show off the extraordinary accomplishments of the southern empire. Now attractively displayed in the museum, with intelligent labeling in Chinese and English, they include jade armor, gem-encrusted swords and crossbows, gold jewelry, lacquer boxes, pearl pillows, 139 pi-discs used in pottery, 1,000 bronze and iron cooking pots, and an orchestra of bronze and stone chimes that are still in tune.

The tomb itself - built entirely of stone slabs - is behind the museum and is remarkable for its compact size. Divided into two parts, it is 66 feet deep, 40 feet wide and 35 feet long. The emperor was buried in the central chamber, while six smaller adjoining rooms were packed from floor to ceiling with the funeral objects and the courtiers.