It possesses the population of 2.08million.
Xinjiang covers 16% of the total land area of China and is populated by 13 of China's 55 minority nationalities.
The average annual rainfall here is 194 mm, and the average temperature is 25.7 degrees in the hottest months of July and August, and a freezing minus 15.2 degrees in the coldest month of January. Spring and autumn last for longer than winter and summer with significant differences in temperature between day and night.
Previously known as Dihua, meaning "Enlightening and Civilizing", the Chinese renamed the city in 1884 to its present day tag, Wulumuqi. Although the feeling and atmosphere here is predominantly Uigur, in fact, 80% of the populations are Han Chinese. Long an important trading center, the Han Chinese population today dominates the industrial and commercial side of the city, with huge department stores and factories ruling the skyline here. An exploration of the older streets and the Uigur area known as Erdaoqiao provides a more interesting look at the different nationalities living in the city.
Baked Mutton Kebabs (Kaoyangrouchuan) can be found anywhere on the streets of any city or small market town throughout Xinjiang. Lamian noodles, known in Chinese as Lamian or Lamiantiao are popular with many ethnic groups both in Xinjiang and the rest of China. Other varieties include Oil Nan (Younang), Sesame Nan (Zhimanang), and Mutton Nan (Rounang), etc
The Uygur dances, such as the "Bowls-on-Head Dance", "Drum Dance", "Iron Ring Dance", "Puta Dance" and "Sainaim Dance". Uygur musical instruments, such as the Dutar, strummed Rawap and Dap.
The Minority Peoples' Museum is a fascinating place and even people not normally interested in traipsing round museums should be impressed. The most spectacular sight is Heaven's Lake. The Nanshan Grasslands are another slightly more remote spot, with some invigorating hiking and horse riding around the area. Swan Lake Nature reserve also has nice scenery and some rare wildlife.