Yinchuan has a population of 1.48 millons people.
The main nationalities are the Hui, Han and Manchu peoples. Yinchuan is a rising industrial city with a large population of ethnic Hui minority. The city is known as a treasure of Chinese-Muslim culture.
Yinchuan City is situated on plains with an average altitude of 1,100 m to 1,200 m above sea level. Key topographical features are the Helanshan Range, the Yellow River, Shahu Lake and Jianhu Lake.
Yinchuan, situated in the arid northwest of China, has a harsh climate. The temperatures of the four seasons are fairly distinctly separated here, although in any season the likelihood is that you will experience strong winds, dryness and frequent sandstorms. The average yearly temperature is between 8 and 9 degrees C. The coldest month of January averages minus 9, while the hottest month has an average of 23 degrees C. Annual rainfall, despite the picture on our right, is less than 8 inches.
The most common of these dishes are of the lamb and beef variety, accompanied by dumplings and noodles, varieties of naan style bread, flagelliform nostoc and blended teas.
Yinchuan has such industries as machinery, electrical power, meter, chemicals, and woolen textiles.
The Nangguan Mosque was built in 1915. It was rebuilt in 1981.The Mosque is 22 meters high with two storeys and can hold about one thousand muslem preyers.
On the eastern slope of a mountain near the west bank of the Yellow River at the gorge in Qingtongxia county stand 108 pagobas arranged in twelve rows from one to nineteen in odd numbers.
The Western Xia Mausoleums is located at the eastern slope of the Helan Mountain, 30 km. at the western suburbs of Yinchuan City. Hai Bao Pagoda, popularly called "Northern Pagoda", was not known when to have been built. The Chengtian Monastery Pagoda, also known as "Western Pagoda", was built around A.D. 1050 when the Western Xia was at the height of its ower and splendor. The Xumi Grottoes are located at the eastern part of Mount Xumi, about 320 km south of Yinchuan.
Chinese wolfberry is bright red, fleshy, sweet and has few seeds. It also has high tonic properties. Licorice root, the King of chinese herbal medicines, is a wild plant growing in dry and sunny areas. The Lamb skins produced at the east slope of Helan Mountain are in very good quality with fine, soft and glistening like a piece of jade.
Black Moss Black Moss is a wild alga plant and looks like black hair, long and thin.